Cyber stalking is stalking through the use of the internet or other electronic methods. It has been defined as the use of information and communication technology, particularly the internet, by an individual or group of individuals, to harass another individual, group, or organization.
There are a number of actions that help make up cyber stalking. These actions include gathering information for harassment purposes. The harassment must be severe enough that a reasonable person, in possession of the same information the stalker has, would regard it as sufficient to cause another reasonable person distress.
A number of key factors have been identified as being part of cyber stalking. They are:
Cyber stalkers exhibit many of the same mental traits and characteristics of individuals who stalk under ordinary circumstances. In recent years, there has been a rise in cyber stalking. Much of the increase has been due to social networking sites like Facebook and MySpace. These sites make it much easier for people to gather information on their victim. Because of this, these sites have come under pressure from a variety of sources to reduce the accessibility of the sites. Parent organizations have been particularly concerned with reducing accessibility by registered sex offenders.